Obama Supports Homegrown Terrorism Bill
The Indypendent | December 10, 2007
Democratic presidential candidate Senator Barack Obama says that he will support the Violent Radicalization and Homegrown Terrorism Prevention Act (S. 1959). According to the automatic email responses constituents are receiving from his office, Obama appears to be straddling the fence between preserving civil liberties and being tough on terrorism.
The American people understand that new threats require flexible responses to keep them safe. They also insist that our responses to threats respect the constitution and do not violate the basic tenets of our democracy, Obama's email said. Several people who have written to Obama have posted his response on various blogs, including Justin who's personal blog was picked up on diggs.com.
The House version of the bill, H.R. 1955, passed Oct. 23 by a vote of 404-6 under the suspension of the rules, a provision that is available to quickly pass bills considered non-controversial.
Obama is on the 17-member Senate Committee for Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, where S. 1959 was introduced by Senator Susan Collins (R-Maine) Aug. 2. I will keep your important comments in mind as I work with my colleagues on the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Government Affairs. I will work to ensure that this legislation helps to achieve our domestic security objectives while protecting civil liberties and constitutional rights,� Obama stated in his email to Justin.
Many scholars, historians and civil liberties experts say they fear that the proposed bill will set the stage for future criminal legislation that be used against U.S.-based groups engaged in legal but unpopular political activism, ranging from political Islamists to animal-rights and environmental campaigners to radical right-wing organizations.
This bill fits the pattern we are seeing coming out of Congress both Republican and Democratic of a continued campaign of fear, which gets into heads of Americans that we now need to start criminalizing ideology, said Alejandro Queral, executive director of the Northwest Constitutional Rights Center. He said he is very concerned about the bill's vague definitions of violent radicalization, homegrown terrorism, and the terms within the definitions including extremist belief system, violence and force.
What is an extremist belief system? Who defines this?� Queral questioned. Planes flying into the World Trade Center is an extremist belief, but are anti-abortion activists extremists? Are individuals who liberate mink extremists? These are broad definitions that encompass so much, which need to rather be very narrowly tailored. It is criminalizing thought and ideology, rather than criminal activity.
Jules Boykoff, an assistant professor of politics and government at Pacific University and author of Beyond Bullets: The Suppression of Dissent in the United States , told The Independent said he is concerned about how the government is broadening the definition of terrorism.
Section 802 of the USA PATRIOT Act is a law that created a new brand of terrorists, the domestic terrorist.' Under this definition, the civil rights work Martin Luther King, Jr. did could have been construed as an act of domestic terrorism, Boykoff said.
In a Nov. 30 Common Dreams article, Homegrown' Suppression of Dissent,' Boykoff provided a historical-based critique of who could be included under the umbrella definition of terrorism. Even a cursory look backward through U.S. history reveals heroic figures who could be dubbed violent radicals' or homegrown terrorists' under the proposed bill, from U.S. revolutionaries like Sam Adams to gun-toting slavery abolitionists like John Brown to militant civil-rights organizers like Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, Jr.
Kamau Franklin, an attorney with the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR), also expressed concern that H.R. 1955/S. 1959 will foster a legislative momentum on criminalizing a broad range of dissident voices. The Commission's broad mandate can lead to the ability to turn civil disobedience, a form of protest that is centuries old, into a terrorist act, he said. My biggest fear is that they [the commission] will call for some new criminal penalties and federal crimes, says Franklin. Activists are nervous about how the broad definitions could be used for criminalizing civil disobedience and squashing the momentum of the left.
It's possible that someone who would have been charged with disorderly conduct or obstruction of governmental administration may soon be charged with a federal terrorist statute, Franklin said.
Many activists and civil liberties advocates have expressed concern across the nation on blogs and radio shows about how the bill's use of vaguely defined terms can be seen within a historical pattern of sweeping government repression of dissenting voices throughout the history of the United States where citizens have been targeted for their political beliefs. Two generations of Americans experienced first hand the two Red Scares (1917-1920 and 1940-50s) and the FBI's secret Counter Intelligence Program, nicknamed COINTELPRO, which enabled the FBI to expose, disrupt, misdirect, discredit, or otherwise neutralize domestic protest groups for subversive activities and potential crimes.
To many, the similarities between COINTELPRO and the bill are unsettling. The proposed legislation calls for the National Commission to examine and report upon the facts and causes of violent radicalization, homegrown terrorism and ideologically based violence in the United States in order to develop policy for prevention, disruption and mitigation.This investigation is needed, according to stated Congressional findings, due to possible threats to national security.
The secret program continued until it was discovered COINTELPRO was investigated by a U.S. Senate select committee on intelligence activities (commonly known as the Church Committee) which convened in 1975. The Church Committee found that from 1956 to 1971, the Bureau conducted a sophisticated vigilante operation aimed squarely at preventing the exercise of First Amendment rights of speech and association, on the theory that preventing the growth of dangerous groups and the propagation of dangerous ideas would protect the national security and deter violence.�
In the last 30 years, significant evidence has surfaced about how the FBI and local law enforcement disrupted non-violent social and political movements, even neutralizing individuals through target assassinations. The secret program was vast, with agents monitoring and agitating people involved in the New Left,�including anti-Vietnam War efforts, the civil rights movement, the Black Panthers, Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), the American Indian Movement, Puerto Rican independence groups, popular musicians and counter-cultural and revolutionary independent newspapers.
OTHER PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE VIEWS ON THE BILL
Democratic presidential hopeful Rep. Dennis Kucinich (D-OH) said that he believes the proposed bill is unconstitutional.
Speaking to a crowd of supporters in New York City Nov. 29, Kucinich took several questions from the audience, including my question asking why he voted against the bill. Kucinich was one of only six representatives to oppose the bill on Oct. 23.
If you understand what his bill does, it really sets the stage for further criminalization of protest, Kucinich said. This is the way our democracy little, by little, by little, is being stripped away from us. This bill, I believe, is a clear violation of the first amendment.
Republican presidential candidate Ron Paul was one of the 22 House members not present for the vote.
A small demonstration against S. 1959 took place outside Senator Hillary Clinton's office in New York City Dec. 10. Her office did not return an Indypendent's call for comment.