February 23, 2008

Bill Clinton And Congress Made USIS A Private Company To Set Up Databases On U.S. Citizens Violating 4th Amendment

By Michael Difensore

On July 8, 1996, USIS was formed on the initiative of President Bill Clinton and Congress as an employee-owned company. This company took over the role of the Office Of Personnel Management investigations service arm. USIS violates the 4th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution on a daily basis in the private sector with powers unchecked. A company that was heavily invested in by the Carlyle Group George Bush Senior was a former adviser to them and George Bush junior was on their board of directors until 1992. Former Secretary of State James Baker was senior counselor with the Carlyle Group. USIS is doing a power grab like no other private agency. Headquartered in Falls Church, Virginia, USIS is the nation's leading security and information services provider, offering employment screening services, government security solutions, and risk management solutions to companies, government agencies and national security markets nationwide. In addition to a full suite of employment, drug & alcohol screening and due diligence products to serve commercial businesses of all sizes and types, USIS also provides program administration and background investigations to federal agencies and many other U.S. interests.

Here is a list of functions USIS currently is involved in all of which violate the 4th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.

USIS is behind almost all drug testing investigations for employment drug screening. They are putting their evil hand in the trucking industry making big databases on truck drivers driving records. Now no trucking companies rely on State Motor Vehicle Records. Trucking companies like USIS because the traffic convictions on record at USIS are not just court convictions but could be anything a driver is said to be involved in reported by anybody. USIS is also involved in secret security clearances for the government. So a criminal agency is giving people secret security clearances scary isn't it. They are also doing credit checks on people for job applications to tell employers if you have been paying your bills on time, or have been bankrupt ever etc. Since when do you need a credit check to get a job in America? I have personally seen sections of job applications dedicated to USIS. The information is mandatory to fill out in order to be hired. Then the information is sent to USIS by the employer. USIS is helping set up a total tracking grid for the benefit of every private market industry for employment in every field. USIS also has government contracts to train Police in Iraq. Read this disturbing article about USIS in Iraq. Col. Theodore S. Westhusing. This company is total New World Order and must be stopped to have our civil liberties remain in America.

USIS even received a contract to help ICE and our Border Patrol. Our Borders Are wide Open.

USIS wins federal government screening contract to support ICE

USIS Website

FALLS CHURCH, Va., October 1, 2007 – USIS, the largest provider of security investigation field work services to the U.S. government, has been awarded a contract to conduct background investigation services, as well as periodic reinvestigation services, updates, and upgrade cases, with Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) of the Department of Homeland Security.

The Investigative Services Division (ISD) of USIS has been performing the work that has a total potential value of $25 million, which includes a base year period and four additional one-year options.

ISD is already the largest commercial provider of field investigation and support services to the Office of Personnel Management, working under previously announced contracts, and provides security clearance investigation services under a contract with the Department of Homeland Security’s Transportation Security Administration.

“We take our role in the overall security of this nation very seriously,” said Bill Mixon, president of ISD. “USIS has worked hard over the past ten years to establish the largest team of highly trained field investigators in North America as well as develop the best processes and practices at our supporting operation to handle the large volume of services required by these federal government contracts.”

History Of Civil Service Commission

The Federalist "Fitness Test" Era:

President George Washington (1789-1797) set a high standard in political appointments in selecting his nominees. As he had prophesied in his preinaguration writings, "the most difficult and delicate part" of his work was balancing the political appointments made. He set about selecting diverse, deserving and qualified men from all over the country. Honesty, efficiency and adherence to the Constitution were his paramount considerations, with the underlying assumption being that the potential appointee was a Federalist.

President John Adams (1797-1801), for the most part, continued the policies of his predecessor, demanding demonstrable ability in a candidate for political appointment. Adams' "Midnight Appointments" at the end of his term marked the beginning of the political parties' struggle to maintain some control when they had lost the election.

A political appointee's politics came to be an important factor in his qualification during President Thomas Jefferson's administration (1801-1809). In coming into his term, Jefferson, a Democrat-Republican, found most government posts filled with Federalists and felt compelled to "redress the balance." Redressing the balance meant that while he would maintain high standards of qualifications, he would only appoint Democrat-Republicans until a balance between his party and the Federalist party had been attained.

Presidents James Madison (1809-1817) and James Monroe (1817-1825), being of the same political party as Thomas Jefferson, saw no need to modify the "redress the balance" civil service policy of their predecessor. Under President Monroe's term, the Tenure of Office Act of 1820 was passed, marking the beginning of the spoils system. Under the Tenure of Office Act, the terms of many officials were limited to four years, to correspond with that of the President. This was in contrast to the practice of permitting administrative and executive officials, except Cabinet officers, to serve during good behavior, as distinct from elective officers who served fixed terms. The purpose of the bill was to compel a regular submission of accounts from officials handling public monies and a convenient way to remove unsatisfactory officials. The Tenure of Office Act, however, would make the removal of all incumbents, whether satisfactory or not, customary for the incoming President.

Despite the passage of the Tenure of Office Act, President John Quincy Adams (1825-1829) refused to remove officials for political reasons. Carrying out his policy of "no changes for political reasons," he removed only 12 Presidential officers in 4 years. President Adams would be the last to make conservative use of the powers of appointment and removal.

These early years of civil service were marked by a period of high standards and expectations of public officials. The Federal government was still only a small portion of the size it would come to be, with the majority of jobs being clerical and administrative positions in the cities of Washington, Philadelphia, New York and Boston.

The Spoils Era

"They see nothing wrong in the rule that to the victor belong the spoils of the enemy." - Senator William L. Marcy, in 1832 debate with Senator Henry Clay over President Andrew Jackson's nominatin of Martin Van Buren as Minister to Great Britain.

At the height of the patronage system, each change in administration was marked by massive removals of officials working for the departing administration. It had become routine for the incoming President, his Cabinet, and the head of agencies to put aside all other business in order to concentrate on settling the aggressive claims of office seekers who came to Washington, DC in search of a political appointment.

Political sympathy and partisan activity were now required as a condition of appointment. Fitness for office was given far less consideration and thus, the quality of public service was seriously affected.

President Andrew Jackson (1829-1837 ) is widely considered to be the strongest supporter of the rotation system of government. Jackson stated that the trained officials in Washington constituted a dangerous bureacracy, and that continuance in an office would lead to the establishment of a proprietary right to that office. He also believed, and stated so in his first annual message, that the "duties of all public offices are, or at least admit of being made, so plain and simple that men of intelligence may readily qualify themselves for their performance." He added: "I cannot but believe that more is lost by the long continuance of men in office than is generally gained by their experience."

By this time, government services had become relatively complex. The country had expanded, population had grown, wealth had increased, public lands had been acquired and needed to be maintained, trade increased, etc. The rotation system, however, placed men with little or no experience in specialized positions, creating inefficiency, corruption and outright theft in the different government posts.

By the mid 1800s the effects of the spoils system became increasinly apparent. Defaulters in public office were frequently discovered, including the notorious Samual Swartwout, Collector of the Port of New York, whose funds had been found $210,000 short during his first term of office under Jackson. Nevertheless, he was reappointed by President Martin Van Buren (1837-1841), absconding to Europe with over $1,250,000 of public funds.

The spoils system had also been extended into the Army and Navy, and impaired the effectiveness of our forces not only in the Mexican War (1848) but also in many Civil War (1861-1865) campaigns.

In 1851, Congress passed a resolution requesting Cabinet officers to formulate: ...some plan of classifying the clerks in the several departments; for apportioning their salaries according to their services; also, some plan to provide for a fair and impartial examination of the qualifications of clerks and for promoting them from one grade to another, upon due regard to their qualifications and services.

The resolution was clearly designed to remedy some of the worst defects of the spoils system of civil service. It was the first Federal attempt to secure the appointment of qualified employees in a systematic method. The major departments were required to establish examining boards to hold "pass examinations" for applicants in the four clerical grades in the Washington service.

"Pass examinations," however, proved to be of little value in terms of reform. The "examinating board" usually consisted on one person and the requirements for identical positions varied according to the person giving and taking the "exam."

While pass examination were not an effective means of reform, the 1853 legislation indicated that there was increasing disenchanted with the spoils system. The public had become disgusted with the scandals and costs of the Federal government under the existing practices.

By 1870 the movement to reform the civil service system was well under way. During the next 20 years, at least one civil service reform bill was introduced in each session of Congress.

President Gen. Ulysses Grant (1869-1877) was elected on a platform which included a promise of civil service reform. Grant took his campaign promise seriously and endeavored to gain legislative cooperation.

In March 1871, Congress passed an appropriations bill reading:

The President is authorized to prescribe such regulations for the admission of presons into the vicil services of the United States as may best promote the efficiency thereof, and to ascertain the fitness of each candidate in respect to age, health, character, knowledge, and ability...and for this purpose [the President] may employ suitable persons to conduct such inquiries, and may prescribe their duties , and establish regulations for the conduct of persons who may receive appointments in the civil service.

Under the Act, President Grant appointed an "Advisory Board of the Civil Service." The Board attempted to examine and solve the issues of competitive examinations for entrance, position classification, competitive promotion and efficiency ratings. The Board recommended the following rules for reforming the civil service system:

  • classification of all positions into groups according to the duties to be performed, and into grades for purposes of promotion.
  • competitive examinations for appointment to all positions within the lowest grade of each group
  • competition promotion examinations to fill positions in grades above the lowest
  • a 6-month probationary period following appointments
  • boards of examiners in each department to do the actual work of examining candidates and maintaining lists of qualified applicants

Under Grant's presidency, directives stating that appointments for the Treasury Department, Patent Office, the Census Bureau and the Indian Affairs Office were to be made on the basis of competitive examinations were ordered. In April 1872, the first competitive examination under the Commission's rules were held for appointments in civil service positions in the cities of New York and Washington, DC.

Unfortunately, the Grant Commission was dissolved in 1873 when Congress, influenced by the still strong forces favoring patronage, refused to appropriate further funds for it. As Congress continued to remain unresponsive to President Grant's and his predecessor, Rutherford B. Hayes (1877-1881), pleas for more funds, reforms were maintained and implemented by the use of executive orders.

This might have continued unless a shocking event had not acted as a sudden catalyst.

In 1881, James A. Garfield was elected as the fourth consecutive Republican President. Garfield, like his immediate predecessors, had the support of the reform movement. During his campaign, he had attacked political influence in appointments and supported measures to continue appropriations to Grant's Civil Service Commission.

On the morning of July 2, 1881, as the President was waiting in a Washington train station, Charles J. Guiteau, a dissapointed office seeker, fired two revolver shots at him, which eventually proved to be fatal.

"That cruel shot," wrote historians Charles A. and Mary R. Beard, in The Rise of American Civilization, "rang throughout the land, driving into the heads of the most hardened political henchmen the idea that there was something disgraceful in reducing the Chief Executive of the United States to the level of a petty job broker."

President Garfield's death aroused more public indignation than there had ever been before. The fall elections of 1882 demonstrated that the people wanted change. If Congress had underestimated the strength of the popular sentiment, they stood in attention now. In several congressional districts, the issue of civil service reform decided the election. In the important state of New York, Grover Cleveland, was elected Governor and civil service reform advocate Theodore Roosevelt was elected to the State Assembly.

On the first day of the new session of Congress, December 12, 1882, debate began on a bill introduced by Senator George H. Pendleton of Ohio. Chester A. Arthur (1881-1885), President since Garfield's death, declared that he would give his "earnest support" to whatever civil service legislation Congress should enact.

The Pendleton Act, "An Act to Regulate and Improve the Civil Service of the United States," provided for a Civil Service Commission of three members (appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate), not more than two of who could be adherents of the same political party. Recommendation of applicants for career jobs by Members of Congress on matters other than character and residence could not be considered. Veteran preference provisions already on the statute books were reaffirmed by the act, and employees were protected from political removals, demotions and assessments. Appointments were to be made from those graded highest in practical examinations. Women were not restricted from taking the exam and being appointed to a post.

This epoch-making legislation was signed into law by President Arthur on January 16, 1883, marking the beginning of the merit system in Federal service. Source OPM.gov

The Civil Service Commission was created after the assassination of James A. Garfield. He was assassinated by Charles Guiteau, in an act of vengeance when Guiteau hadn't received the government position he expected for his support of Garfield. The outrage over Garfield's death generated a national movement, which eventually resulted in the establishment of the Civil Service Commission in 1883. One of its duties was to oversee the investigation of the background, suitability, and loyalty of employees and applicants for federal positions. The Civil Service Commission was set up to protect against political patronage being used in the hiring process of Federal Employees.

For almost half a century, that responsibility was the Investigations Service arm of the Office of Personnel Management. OPM was originally founded as the United States Civil Service Commission by the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act of 1883. The commission was abolished and replaced by OPM on 1 January 1979 following the passage of the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 and Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1978 (43 F.R. 36037, 92 Stat. 3783).

1 comment:

USIS said...

USIS is the overseas name for the no longer existing United States Information Agency. The USIS is a name that was sometimes used in the past, both officially and non-officially, to refer to at the very least one of the many United States federal agencies of the executive branch which has implemented United States Immigration Law.